What animals are used in research
In fiscal year 1988, about 142,000 dogs and 52,000 cats were used in experimentation , with 40,000 to 50,000 of those dogs being bred specifically for research and the others being acquired from pounds. The guidelines for using humans in research are unique to those for animal use. This is in addition to the other documentation that must be filled out for using an animal in a research setting. We work throughout the legal system to secure better protections for animals used in research, and better enforcement of those protections).
Choosing the Right Animal Sometimes a scientist wont pick an animal they are interested in studying, but one that helps them to answer a specific question. A drug may have different effects on the body when given to a non-human animal versus when it is given to a human. If a scientist would like to use one of these animals for their work, she or he must clearly explain why this choice is important for the proposed work.
Experts also recognize the need for more change. Despite this, the decision to use animals first (before humans) is one that many scientists and non-scientists debate about.
Despite legal requirements to do so under principles known as the 3 Rs reduction, refinement, and replacement many facilities dont adequately look for alternatives to animal-based tests. Since that time, NIH has retired some chimpanzees to sanctuaries as space is available, and has reportedly convened a working group to develop plans for chimpanzees deemed too old or sick to be safely relocated. 7 Animals are also used to learn more about living things and about the illnesses that afflict human beings and other animals. For example, many diseases that affect human beings also affect other mammals, but they do not occur in insects, plants, or bacteria.
Department of Agriculture or animal research funded by private companies. Thanks to better technology and increasing public demand, we have seen some progress.
Many scientists believe that in vitro testing is scientifically superior to inhumane testing on animals. Food and Drug Administration (FDA just 8 of drugs tested on animals are deemed safe and effective for human use 92 are not. The Animal Legal Defense Fund calls on government agencies to be more transparent in their treatment of animals used in research. It turns out that mice and rats are the most commonly used animals in research.
When there is little to no risk related to a study it is common for only humans to be used. This approach may have some limitations, for example when the species of interest is endangered. When human research occurs, scientists will ask people to volunteer to be a part of the study.
(The polio vaccine was developed, and its safety is still tested, in monkeys.) Animals are also indispensable to the rapidly growing field of biotechnology, where they are used to develop, test, and make new products such as monoclonal antibodies. One example of this is in drug research. Technology, such as non-invasive imaging, provide alternatives to cutting into animals brains. When a new drug or surgical technique is developed, society deems it unethical to use that drug or technique first in human beings because of the possibility that it would cause harm rather than good.