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Harmony vocals or harmony parts backup singing which supports the main melody; the supporting parts are usually chord tones that form intervals of a third, fourth, fifth, sixth, or octave away from the main melody note. Small keyboard amplifiers designed for small band rehearsals have 50 to 75 watts, a 12-inch speaker, and a horn. Large keyboard amplifiers designed for large clubs or halls have 200 to 300 watts of power, a 15-inch speaker, and a horn.

Mic Abbreviation for microphone ; the term "mike" is also used. Solo break A jazz term that instructs a lead player or rhythm section member to play an improvised solo cadenza for one or two measures (sometimes abbreviated as "break without any accompaniment. Soprano The highest of the standard four voice ranges (bass, tenor, alto, soprano) standard tuning For acoustic and electric guitar, the standard tuning is "E,A,D,G,B,E" (from lowest string to highest).

To be played or sung loudly) fortepiano (fp) Strong-gentle (i.e. Acoustic guitar, electric guitar, electric bass violin-family instrument (e.g. This comes from a literal cut of the C symbol of common time.

Remix A second or subsequent "mixdown" of a set of recorded tracks. Ghostwriter A songwriter who pens lyrics and music that will be officially credited to another person, such as a band's lead singer or the bandleader. For instrumental music, an intro may be just the drums, as there is no need to provide the key to the singer.

With the electric guitar, bending is widely used in blues, blues-rock, and rock and, to a somewhat different fashion, in jazz. Clipping A synonym for distortion.

Leslie A brand name for a rotating speaker cabinet designed for use with the Hammond organ, but also used by some electric guitar players. Flat 13 chords are altered dominants. This glossary includes terms for musical instruments, playing or singing techniques, amplifiers, effects units, sound reinforcement equipment, and recording gear and techniques which are widely used in jazz and popular music.

Session musician, session player, or session man In jazz and popular music, this refers to a highly skilled, experienced musician who can be hired for recording sessions. Vamp A short, simple chord sequence, often two chords (e.g., d minor to G7 for a song in C major) which is repeated to fill in time. Ostinato basslines or riffs are common in rock music and in some types of jazz. "SNL" is making headlines and influencing the political dialogue while skewering it at the same time.

It is notated by a strong diagonal bar across the note stem, or a detached bar for a set of notes (or stemless notes). Perform the relevant passage or an entire song or tune once more) engineer In a live sound context, this refers to the audio engineer who controls the soundboard or leads the crew of audio technicians; in a recording context.

Executed by a single instrument or voice). However, if a song actually went into double time, say, for a repeat, a 60-second song would last for 30 seconds.

It is a technical procedure requiring much practice, and can sound dated if the harmonies are not advanced enough. For example, an electric guitarist could plug a single guitar into two guitar amps to create an unusual tone colour. Call and response singing was originally part of African-American work songs, and it subsequently became an important part of the blues. Accordions are becoming less common in North America but they remain popular in Europe.

This makes the song feel twice as fast, even though the chords take the same length if time to play. 4x10" A speaker cabinet containing four ten-inch loudspeakers. A song that takes 60 seconds to play in regular feel still takes 60 seconds in half-time feel.

Electric guitar, electric bass) so that they can be plugged into a mixing board or PA system. 5-string (or five-string) An electric bass with five strings, which often means the addition of a low "B" string.' 6-string (or six-string) An electric bass with six strings, which often means the addition of a low "B" string and a high "C" string. On a long song, such as an aaba song, the form is played through once for the opening melody, then there are solos, and then the melody is played a final time.